Geneva – The Geneva Council for Rights and Liberties condemns US President Donald Trump’s declaration that he will fully recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Syrian Golan Heights captured from Syria since 1967.
The Geneva Council said the Syrian Golan Heights are Israeli-occupied territory according to international law and UN regulations. No State therefore should recognize the consequences of the aggression and the facts imposed by Israel as the occupying power.
Donald Trump tweeted yesterday: “After 52 years it is time for the United States to fully recognize Israel’s Sovereignty over the Golan Heights, which is of critical strategic and security importance to the State of Israel and Regional Stability”.
The Geneva Council affirms that the Trump stance runs counter to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, which explicitly stresses “the impressibility of the acquisition of territory by force” and of international law, which states that “an aggressor must not enjoy the benefits of his aggression” as contained in article 41 of the international responsibility draft-project by the International Law Commission. The very article 41 called for the non-recognition of illegal situations, especially annexation after occupation.
The international human rights Council emphasizes that the necessity to justify the invasion gains, which arises from the practice of aggression and occupation, is internationally prohibited. Thus, what is based on falsehood is invalid and cannot be recognized as a fait accompli by any State.
The Geneva Council draws attention to the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, which applies to the Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights. Under this Convention, Israel ought to rescind its previous measures as the occupying power, and refrain from taking any action that would change the legal status and geographical nature, or materially affect, the demographic composition of the Arab territories occupied since 1967